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Provide a model based on Gestalt principles for predicting and analyzing the characteristics of life (organisms)
Volume 1, Issue 3, 2019, Pages 200 - 215
Author(s) : Mehrzad Yazdanpanah* 1 , Shahla Karamizadeh 2 , Mohsen Tirband 3

1 MSc in Biology, Researcher Teacher, Master of Scientific-Educational Society of Biology, Education of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province. Yasuj, Iran

2 M.A of Psychology, Education Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province (Yasuj)

3 PhD Student of Environment, Education Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province (Yasuj)

Abstract :
The main purpose of this study is to provide a model based on Gestalt principles to predict and analyze the characteristics of life. This research has been done by "logical reasoning" research method with descriptive-analytical technique. Gestalt theory is one of the most influential schools of the twentieth century that has not yet entered biology. Is it possible to analyze the structure of animals with this theory? First, the theoretical foundations of Gestalt principles and then the use of these principles and discovering their relationship, as well as the capacities of Gestalt principles in analyzing the phenomena of life and somewhat diseases have been discussed. The results showed that the adjacent principle, holistic and symmetry present stronger gestalts than other Gestalts in investigating some biological phenomena.In several cases, gestalt defects in a structure have led to disruption or disease. In Celiac disease, the principle of proximity near the edges and in quaker disease the principle of symmetry has been violated. Defense mechanisms, the action of enzymes, hormones that play a key role in the continuation of life characteristics, have adjacent gestalt. In the case of cancerous tumors, violations of overlap and the creation of non-overlapping structures have led to cancer.Using the basic model of Gestalt principles in animals, diseases can be identified on the basis of bio-gestalt violations in a timely way and necessary treatment can be taken. Using the concepts of Gestalt's theory, the unseen aspects of life and organisms will be recognized.
Keywords :
Gestalt principles, characteristics of life, biology, holistic
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